The Complete Guide to the Different Kinds of Paint 

The Complete Guide to the Different Kinds of Paint 

What Are the Different Kinds of Paint Available?

There is a type of paint that is appropriate for every situation and option. The following is a brief rundown of the various types of paint that are commonly used:

  • Paint that is based on oil
  • Paint that is based on water
  • Enamel paint Primer
  • Low poisonous paint
  • Paints that aren’t harmful to the environment
  • paint that is free of lead
  • Paint ingredients
  • Spray paint
  • Chalk paint
  • Special surfaces

Any room in your house can be revitalized and transformed simply by receiving a new coat of paint. If you decide to tackle the painting project on your own rather than hiring a professional painter, you will need to purchase the necessary supplies.

Because there are so many different types of paint to choose from, it can be difficult to determine which one is the most appropriate for a given application. To get you started, here is a rundown of the different kinds of paint, as well as the circumstances in which each type should and should not be used. In addition, we strongly suggest looking into getting estimates from local painting contractors.

The Understanding Paint Shimmers

When it comes to selecting paint types, one of the very first decisions that must be made is the kind of surface that will be painted. Paints are categorized according to their shine, which can be defined as the amount of light that is reflected from the paint’s surface. The following is a complete list of the different types of paint shine:

The option with the least amount of reflection is flat. Although flat paint is typically less expensive, it should not be used on surfaces that are frequently touched or that are subjected to the components because it will not provide adequate protection.

Paint with a matte finish, which has a slightly glossy appearance and is more durable than paint with a flat surface, is frequently used for ceilings and can conceal blemishes on surfaces.

Eggshell is a paint finish that is a happy medium between matte and gloss. It has the appearance of being flat from many different angles, but it is more durable and much simpler to clean up than matte or gloss paint.

Satin is a paint finish that is a useful alternative to eggshells for any room in the house, except if you prefer the look of a more matte finish. Satin paint is slightly glossier than eggshell paint.

Wall colors can look more vibrant when painted with a semi-gloss finish, which is a durable paint finish. Additionally, semi-gloss paint is typically resistant to moisture, making it an excellent choice for use in areas such as restrooms and kitchens.

Gloss is the most reflective option, gloss paint is the easiest to clean up and can be appealing in the right settings. It is also the most reflective paint. The disadvantage is that it is typically more expensive, and it has the potential to accentuate flaws in surface areas.

Paint That is Based on Oil

Choose paint that is oil-based if you need a paint that is durable and long-lasting and that can withstand frequent use and abuse (likewise called solvent-based paint). These water-resistant paints are ideal for use on doors and other furniture, where they will maintain their appearance for a longer period than water-based paints. The disadvantage of these paints is that it takes longer for them to dry, in some instances up to 24 hours, depending on the brand names of the paint.

Paint That is Based on Water

Paints that are based on water, also known as latex-based paints, are an option worth considering for walls and ceilings that do not experience a significant amount of wear and tear. They dry more quickly than paints based on oil, which means it is possible to apply more coats in a single day.

Because these paints are less durable than others, they are not recommended for use on surfaces that receive a lot of foot traffic or for a variety of painting projects that take place outside.

Enamel Paint

Paints that are categorized as “enamel” provide a surface that is more long-lasting and longer-lasting than basic paints. This is because enamel paints are more of a variety of grades than a variety of paint types.

The vast majority of enamel paints have an oil-based base, but there are also enamel paints that have a water-based base. These enamel paints may be more suitable for use on cabinets and furniture.


Although the guide is not specifically about painting, it is an essential component of the process in many instances, particularly if you are painting a surface for the very first time. The guide acts as a seal to improve the adhesion of the paint to the surface areas, which helps the paint last for a longer period. If you have good paint, you can sometimes get away without using the guide, but you should never use a guide on its own as a leading coat because it won’t adhere well.

Paints With a Low Toxicity Level

If you are concerned about the toxicity of paints, choose products that contain a low concentration of unpredictability-inducing natural substances (VOCs). Oil-based paints are typically more hazardous than water-based paints, and the more potent a paint’s odor, the more dangerous it is. Oil-based paints are also more likely to be toxic. The most well-known manufacturers of paint all make non-hazardous variants of their products.

Paints That Are Less Harmful to the Environment

If you are concerned about the surroundings or the potential health risks posed by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in paint, you should look for products that make use of 100% natural active compounds, such as paints derived from plants or clay. The drying time for these paints is longer than that of standard paint types, but the results are comparable.

Paint That is Free of Lead

No paint is completely free of lead, but since 1997, all paint that is sold in South Africa has been required to contain no more than 0.1% lead material. This is because there are concerns regarding the effects of lead exposure on health and wellness. You can find out the amount of lead that is contained in paint by contacting the manufacturer of the product.

Instead of taking the chance of removing the lead paint yourself and possibly endangering your family in the process, if you have reason to believe that the paint currently used in your home may contain lead, you should talk to an expert about the safest way to remove lead paint.

Paint Ingredients

When you buy insulating paint or paint ingredients and include these in your paint, not only will your house look great, but it will also have a greater level of insulation as a result of the addition of the paint.

During the warmer months, you can use these to help reflect more heat away from your house, and during the cooler months, you can use them to help reduce the amount of heat that escapes your home.

Spray Paint

Spray painting is an efficient method that can be used to paint furniture and other items inside and outside the house, and if you have an artistic streak in you, it can even be used to paint the walls of your home.

It is imperative that you protect yourself from the fumes and only spray outside or in a location that has adequate ventilation if you are going to use spray paint because it can be a lot quicker than traditional painting methods.

Chalk Paint

Chalk paint, not to be confused with blackboard paint, is an eco-friendly paint that is based on water and offers exceptional adhesion to surface areas. Blackboard paint is not chalking paint. You can also purchase chalk paint powder and mix it with regular paint to create a different look. Chalk paint typically dries to a matte finish; however, this adaptable paint can be combined with other kinds of paint to achieve glossy or textured results.

Unique Paint Surfaces

Try distressed paint or one of the many other textured surfaces available if you are looking for something more intriguing than a smooth or shiny surface. These paints, which are offered by a wide variety of paint brands, can imitate a variety of surfaces, including giving walls a genuine aged appearance and natural stone surfaces for use as kitchen counters.

How to Choose the Perfect Coat of Paint

How are you going to choose the paint or paints that are going to be the most effective for your project now that you have an idea of the most pretty standard paint types and options? The following are some pointers for painting both indoors and outdoors.

Paint for the Interior

What you’re painting and where you’re painting it determine which type of paint is best suited for use inside. On the walls of the bathroom and kitchen, a gloss or semi-gloss shine provides significantly better protection against moisture and looks fantastic when applied to wood furniture. On the other hand, a matte surface can give the impression of more sophistication when applied to walls and ceilings, in addition to being more cost-effective. Surfaces with an eggshell or satin finish might be the ideal happy medium. It is recommended that you use low-VOC paint to reduce fumes and that you check the ingredients of the paint if you wish to improve the insulation in your walls. This recommendation applies regardless of the type of paint that you select.

Outside Paint

Paint for the exterior typically requires a more skilled application than paint for the interior, which is why paints with a gloss or semi-gloss surface are preferable to matte paints. If you prefer not to work with paints that are based on oil, you may be able to find enamel paints that are water-based but are just as durable as certain brands.

If the items are going to be left in direct sunlight, you should also check that they are resilient to UV fading. If they are going to be left exposed to the elements, you should also check that they are resistant to moisture.

Which White Paint is Considered to Be the Very Best?

Since white is the color of paint used in most homes, you could be forgiven for thinking that all white paint is fundamentally the same. Not! White is frequently combined with another color to achieve subtly different effects, and even the smallest variation in tone can have a significant impact on the overall visual presentation of a room.

When you are searching for paint aisles, the most important thing to keep in mind is that paint always looks very different in your house compared to how it does in the store. There are a lot of different paint brands that make tiny trial tins that you can take home and try out. These are more credible than examples to assist you in making a decision regarding which white is best and to prevent you from making an expensive mistake.

How to Choose Colors When Painting

There are no hard and fast rules to follow when it comes to selecting colors for your home, but you should give some thought to the effects you want to achieve. For example, the addition of a function wall to a room can breathe new life into the area, but it also has the potential to quiet the atmosphere. To avoid being dissatisfied with the finished product, you should also consider how the paint will look under different lighting conditions.

If you don’t already have a color scheme in mind for your painting project, thinking about how different colors influence your mood is a good place to start coming up with ideas for a palette. If you want to cultivate a particular atmosphere in your home or garden, you can accomplish this with the help of certain paint colors, while others will actively work against you in this endeavor.

Find Local Paint Suppliers or Painters to Work on Your Home

If you are ready to get started on your painting project, a local paint supplier can provide you with the paint and equipment you need for your project, in addition to offering advice on how to get the results you want from your painting. If you feel more comfortable delegating the work to a professional, get multiple estimates from local painters to ensure that you are receiving the most favorable deal possible. Collaborating with a painter in South Africa can have a price tag that ranges anywhere from R25,500 to R200,000, based on the size of the project (consisting of labor and products).